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Too Often, Unlocked, Loaded Guns Are Fatal Playthings for America's Children
  • Posted December 14, 2023

Too Often, Unlocked, Loaded Guns Are Fatal Playthings for America's Children

A loaded revolver left out on a nightstand, a curious child -- and unimaginable tragedy.

Moments like this have occurred in American homes hundreds of times over the past two decades, killing 1,262 children, according to a sobering new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“Overall, firearms used in [these] unintentional injury deaths were often stored loaded (74%) and unlocked (76%) and were most commonly accessed from nightstands and other sleeping areas,” said a team led by Rebecca Wilson, of the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.

Already, unintentional injury is the fourth leading cause of death among children under the age of 1 and the leading cause of death among kids and teens. Firearms are a leading cause of these tragedies.

Too often, what starts out as curious play ends in senseless tragedy.

Looking at a 2003-2021 national database on violent deaths, Wilson's team noted that a third of kids killed in this way were between the ages of 11 and 15, 24% were between 16 and 17, and 29% were among the very young -- months-old babies to kids younger than 6.

Most victims -- 83% -- were boys, and more than half are killed in their own homes, the report found. Just over half of unintended gun deaths among kids were inflicted by others (often another child).

In cases where a child was killed by another person and the relationship of the shooter was known, in nearly a third (31.8%) of cases the shooter was a brother or sister. In 7.3% of cases, the shooter was a parent, the CDC data showed.

In most of the incidents reported, tragedy began with innocent play.

“The most common precipitating circumstances were the shooter playing with or showing the firearm to another,” which happened in two-thirds of cases. Roughly a fifth of cases involved the shooter unintentionally pulling the trigger, thinking the firearm wasn't loaded and believing the safety was engaged or the magazine was disengaged, Wilson's team wrote.

In about 11% of cases, children mistook a real gun for a toy.

Common places guns were accessed: A nightstand, under a pillow or mattress, inside a closet or inside a vehicle, according to the study. Three-quarters of gun deaths to kids involved handguns.

Beyond the senseless end to a young life, child bystanders were present during these shootings in about a third of cases, and Wilson's team noted the mental health consequences of witnessing such events are profound and can last a lifetime.

All of these incidents were preventable, they stressed. If firearms are allowed in a home, keeping them locked, unloaded and separate from their ammunition is crucial. They noted that some states have gone further, enacting laws that hold the owners of firearms liable whenever a child gains access to their gun.

The new report was published in the Dec. 15 issue of the CDC journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

More information

There are tips on keeping kids safe from guns at the American Academy of Pediatrics.

SOURCE: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Dec. 15, 2023

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