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27 Apr

“Promising Evidence” Exercise Helps Battle Addiction: New Study

Patients with substance use disorders benefit from adding exercise therapy to their treatment plan, researchers find.

Health News Results - 276

Many Americans who inject illicit drugs are unknowingly getting fentanyl mixed in with their heroin, which can increase their risk for overdose and perhaps their tolerance for the drug.

About 80% of injection drug users in New York City test positive for fentanyl, but only 18% intended to use that drug, according to research from NYU School of Global Public Hea...

Seizures of illicit ketamine by drug enforcement agents have surged throughout the United States, growing 349% from 2017 through 2022, a new study finds.

Rising use of ketamine could increase the likelihood that people who use the drug recreationally may instead get a potentially harmful version of the substance, researchers say.

“This dramatic rise in ketamine seizures by l...

When Medicare expanded coverage for methadone, more people used this treatment for opioid use disorder, a new study shows.

Use rose sharply but did not displace other opioid treatments such as buprenorphine, according to researchers.

Much of the rise in methadone use was among Medicare Advantage enrollees under age 65. It was especially true among those who qualified for both Medic...

It's important to ask questions when your doctor or dentist writes you a new prescription.

This is especially true for opioid pain medications, such as hydrocodone, oxycodone or morphine.

While these drugs are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for acute and chronic pain, they can have serious side effects, including addiction and even death.

Misuse of opioids ...

Medications that treat opioid addiction and prevent overdose deaths are drastically under-prescribed in the United States, particularly for Black patients, a new study has found.

Disabled people on Medicare are not likely to be prescribed either buprenorphine -- the best medication for treating opioid addiction -- or naloxone (Narcan), a drug that can reverse a life-threatening overdose, ...

When people receive methadone treatment for opioid use disorder, their use of the dangerous drugs heroin and fentanyl significantly declines, a new study shows.

But decreases in cocaine or methamphetamine use were not seen in a year of treatment, researchers report.

“Methadone treatment can have tremendous success reducing fentanyl and heroin use in individuals, but this study sh...

While public health officials have expressed concerns about teens vaping, a new study suggests getting more to quit may be simple.

Eliminating flavored e-cigarettes may reduce the use of vapes altogether in teens and young adults, the research found.

“The restriction of the availability for certain e-cigarette e-liquid flavors has been considered by various regulatory agencies,”...

The U.S. opioid crisis led to changes that make it easier for people struggling with addiction to get medication from a health care provider to help them quit.

But researchers found that for some reason, rates of medication use haven't budged.

Numbers of Americans who started buprenorphine were flat between 2019 and 2022, after rising from January 2016 to September 2018.

Those...

America's teens are still not alright.

Instead, many continue to engage in risky behaviors, U.S. health officials reported Thursday.

Top among these is an increase in suicidal thoughts and suicide planning and attempts among teen girls, according to a new study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, rates among teen boys stayed stable.

Meanwhile, LG...

Exercise might help people who are battling addiction stay on the straight and narrow, a new research review finds.

Investigators who analyzed 43 studies from around the world found a link between physical activity and reduced substance use among people in treatment for alcohol and drug abuse.

The idea for the study review “came to me when I was working as a kinesiologist in ...

The United States is in the middle of an opioid crisis, yet new research shows that only about 7% of Americans on Medicaid who have opioid use disorder receive residential treatment.

This means that many people who could potentially benefit from what is more commonly known as "rehab" aren't getting the care they need to help them with their addiction.

“We know residential care is...

Over the past few years the escalating opioid crisis has touched off a complex debate about how best to reign in suicide risk among patients who are prescribed the addictive painkillers.

The question: Could rapidly cutting back on legal opioid prescriptions help, or might patients' desperation over lack of access inadvertently drive up suicide risk?

Now

  • Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
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  • April 11, 2023
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  • Telehealth appointments — meetings with a doctor through a phone or video call — are valuable tools in the fight against opioid use disorder in the United States, researchers say.

    The use of telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic, along with medications for addiction, reduced the risk for fatal overdose among Medicare recipients, a new study finds.

    The study findings support co...

    Drug overdose deaths -- both accidental and intentional -- have quadrupled over the past 20 years among older adults in the United States, a new study finds.

    This increase in people ages 65 and older suggests the need for greater mental health and substance use policies, the authors said.

    “The dramatic rise in overdose fatalities among adults over 65 years of age in the past two ...

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday approved the over-the-counter use of a nasal spray that can reverse an opioid overdose.

    Research has shown that wider availability of naloxone (Narcan) could save lives as the opioid epidemic rages on in this country.

    “The FDA remains committed to addressing the evolving complexities of the overdose crisis. As part of this work, t...

    When someone lives through an opioid overdose, taking the medication buprenorphine lowers their risk of death if they OD again, according to new research.

    Buprenorphine is a medication used to treat opioid use disorder. Researchers linked receiving it after an overdose with a 62% reduction in risk of death in a subsequent opioid overdose.

    The medication is approved by the U.S. Food ...

    While some gamble socially and others do it for a living, it's a serious addiction for those who have an uncontrollable urge to keep going at the risk of losing everything.

    “In our brain, the centers involved with gambling addiction are the same centers involved with substance addiction," said

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • March 25, 2023
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  • Breakthrough research shows genetic markers for substance abuse and could lead to more effective ways to prevent and treat drug and alcohol use disorders.

    These findings could help people who face addiction to varied substances, including those who have more than one addiction at a time.

    The findings al...

    Women with mental illness have a risk for cervical cancer that's twice as high as that for others, according to new research.

    Swedish researchers noted that women with mental illness, neuropsychiatric disability or substance abuse were also less likely to get screening tests that can detect cervical cancer.

    “Our results suggest that women with these diagnoses participate more seld...

    Four out of five U.S. parents questioned in a large poll believe their preteen and teenage kids are clear on the risks that electronic cigarettes pose, and only a few think their child actually vapes.

    Still, if their child did vape, would parents know? Nearly half of more than 1,300 parents polled said they would.

    The findings, experts say, point to a potential disconnect between wh...

    Contrary to concerns, wider availability of naloxone treatment is not increasing heroin use among U.S. teens, new research finds.

    Naloxone (Narcan) quickly reverses an overdose from opioids like heroin, fentanyl, morphine and oxycodone (OxyContin). There had been some worry that expanding access to naloxone might inadvertently promote high-risk substance use among young people. However, t...

    For decades, people turned to cigarettes in times of stress. Now, a preliminary study hints that young people are using vaping in the same way.

    The study, of nearly 2,000 U.S. teenagers and young adults, found that those who vaped nicotine or marijuana were more likely to report anxiety, depression or suicidal thoughts. In fact, a majority of vapers said they'd suffered anxiety or depress...

    Soon, the federal government will allow states to use Medicaid funds to treat prisoners for drug addiction and mental health services.

    In an announcement made during a visit to the Camden County Jail in New Jersey on Tuesday, Dr. Rahul Gupta, director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, said stat...

    Researchers may have found a way for coffee-lovers to cut back without suffering symptoms of caffeine withdrawal like headache, fatigue, bad mood and irritability.

    It's a cup of decaf.

    A new study found that people experienced fewer withdrawal symptoms with the substitute.

    “A co...

    A nasal spray that can reverse an opioid overdose should be sold over-the-counter, two expert panels to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommended Wednesday.

    Research has shown that wider availability of naloxone -- brand named Narcan -- could save lives as the opioid epidemic rages on in this country.

    The FDA advisors voted unanimously in favor of making the drug easier to ...

    A nasal spray that can reverse an opioid overdose may become available for easier over-the-counter purchase.

    U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisers are meeting Wednesday to discuss making generic naloxone hydrochloride available without requiring interaction with a pharmacist, CNN reported.

    Approval could happen later this year. Research shows that wider availability of...

    Living in a U.S. state where recreational weed is legal does not appear to increase the average adult's risk of succumbing to “reefer madness,” a new study of twins has determined.

    An adult living in a “legal” state is not more likely to develop any sort of substance abuse disorder than their twin residing in a state where marijuana remains outlawed, researchers found.

    They ...

    Pharmacists could play an important role in helping curb the U.S. opioid epidemic, a new study suggests.

    Researchers studied the impact of a Rhode Island law allowing specially trained pharmacists to prescribe buprenorphine, a medication used to treat opioid use disorder.

    The study began with 100 patients who received the medication at a pharmacy. After they were stabilized, 58 were...

    Despite tobacco industry claims, a new study found that banning menthol-flavored cigarettes did not lead to more people purchasing illicit smokes.

    Researchers at the University of Waterloo surveyed smokers to study the impact of a menthol cigarette ban in Canada. Smokers of both menthol and non-menthol cigarettes were surveyed before and after Canada's ban, and asked about their usual cig...

    Giving up nicotine can be a brutal experience that can include everything from physical symptoms, such as headache and nausea, to mood issues, including irritability, anxiety and depression.

    Yet, it is still possible to get through nicotine withdrawal symptoms with a good plan and specific tools, according to a smoking cessation expert, who offered some suggestions for coping with nicoti...

    One low-cost intervention could make a difference in America's epidemic of opioid overdoses, a new study suggests.

    When health care providers were notified that one of their patients had died from an overdose, they wrote fewer opioid prescriptions for up to a year later.

    The University of Southern California (USC) study built upon earlier findings that letters like these could reduc...

    Cigars are linked with victory, new babies and Winston Churchill, not nicotine addiction, but are they any better for your health than cigarettes?

    No, say experts who point out the many dangers of cigar smoking.

    Over the past few decades, through clever marketing, cigar smoking has taken on a rarified aura, with cigar bars and magazines like Cigar Aficionado devoted to...

    Sometimes it really does "take a village" to help you meet life's challenges, and quitting smoking can be one of the toughest challenges out there.

    That's why specially designed smoking-cessation programs can make all the difference, experts say.

    Many programs employ a combination approach, one that treats the physical and the psychological addictions you're trying to brea...

    So much for vaping as a smoking-cessation tool: New research finds most folks who use both traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes are likely to continue smoking rather than quit, a new study finds.

    How much is most? Only 10% quit vaping and smoking.

    "As used by the general population, e-cigarettes have not contributed to substantial smoking cessation," said lead researcher

    Researchers report they have created a vaccine to fight fentanyl addiction, in a potential breakthrough in the opioid epidemic.

    The shot would block the ability of fentanyl to enter the brain and cause the “high” that users crave. It could be used to prevent relapses in people trying to quit opioids, once it gets through clinical trials, the scientists said.

    “We believe these ...

    More American youth than ever are so addicted to e-cigarettes that they vape within 5 minutes of waking up in the morning, a new analysis shows.

    While that percentage was around just 1% in 2017, it increased every year after that. It reached 10.3% by 2021, researchers reported.

    "The increasing intensity of use of modern e-cigarettes highlights the clinical need to address youth addi...

    Years of litigation over the opioid epidemic could end soon, as the national pharmacy chains CVS and Walgreens announced Wednesday that each company has agreed to a nearly $5 billion settlement.

    While neither of the companies admitted wrongdoing, the settlements are part of the fight over the drug industry's role in the epidemic that has led to 500,000 U.S. deaths in the past 20 years, t...

    New research out of Canada offers some encouraging news amid concerns about the opioid epidemic.

    Doctors are prescribing a lower dose of the painkillers after older adults have surgery, the study found. They are not, however, writing fewer prescriptions for the potentially addictive drugs.

    "While it's good news that the dos...

    Just a few years ago, "Friends" actor Matthew Perry almost died from opioid overuse that nearly destroyed his colon and almost killed him.

    Now, he's sober and wants to tell his story.

    Perry has written a memoir,

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • October 20, 2022
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  • Full Page
  • Pregnancy can be a big motivator for women to stop smoking. Now a new study suggests that at least some pregnant smokers start cutting back even before they know they've conceived.

    The findings, researchers say, suggest there may be biological mechanisms during pregnancy that can bl...

    A proposed ban on menthol cigarettes could have a significant impact on smoking rates, especially among minorities, new U.S. research suggests.

    Adult smokers who are younger, have mental health problems and are from racial/ethnic minority groups are more likely to use menthol cigarettes than other groups, according to a study from Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Th...

    While politicians and health officials seek solutions to an opioid epidemic that kills tens of thousands every year, doctors who prescribe the pain medications are seeking alternatives for their patients.

    Teen vaping continues at concerning levels, U.S. health officials reported Thursday.

    About 2.5 million middle school and high school students reported that they had vaped in the past 30 days in 2022,...

    Admissions to drug treatment programs declined sharply during the pandemic's first year, likely explaining a later surge in fatal overdoses.

    Among people of color, admissions dropped nearly 25%, a RAND Corp. study found.

    This is one possible reason for the recent surge in drug overdose deaths, according...

    As opioid overdose deaths continue to soar, a Canadian program points to one way to save lives: providing "safer" opioids to people at high risk of overdose.

    That's the conclusion of a study evaluating Canada's first formal "safer opioid supply," or SOS, program. Such programs aim to prevent overdoses by giving vulnerable people an alternative to the increasingly dangerous street supply o...

    Parents who smoke should know that their kids are more likely to vape and try smoking.

    Those teens were 55% more likely to try e-cigarettes than those of nonsmoking parents and 51% more likely to have tried traditional cigar...

    The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is warning the public that colorfully dyed fentanyl — dubbed "rainbow fentanyl" — is readily available across the United States.

    “Rainbow fentanyl — fentanyl pills and powder that come in a variety of bright colors, shapes, and sizes — is a deliberat...

    It might seem incongruous, but new research suggests that teens who engage in more physical activity may vape m...

    Electrically stimulating the brain's "reward" circuity may hold promise as a treatment for binge eating disorder, a small pilot study suggests.

    The findings are based on just two patients who received deep brain stimulation (DBS) -- a technique used for ...

    Jon Kostas, a lifelong resident of New York City, started bar-hopping at age 13. At the height of his alcoholism, he was consuming as many as 30 drinks a night.

    Desperate for a way out, Kostas, 32, turned to a new therapy: psilocybin -- the psychedelic compound found in so-cal...

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