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Results for search "Autism".

Health News Results - 142

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2023 (HealthDay News) — University of Louisville researchers say they've developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system with a near-perfect record of diagnosing autism in toddlers.

Using specialized MRI scans of the brain, the tool diagnosed toddlers with 98.5% accuracy, according to findings scheduled for presentation in Chicago next week at a meeting of the Radiolo...

Kids with a genetic risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are likely to spend hours a day glued to their screens, but researchers say it doesn't mean screen time causes ASD.

The investigators also found that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) gradually increased their screen time as they got older, even if they started out with low levels of initial screen use...

TikTok may be great for watching funny cat videos and learning make-up hacks, but new research suggests this platform should not be trusted when it comes to information on autism.

“The majority of the information was either blatantly false or overgeneralized,” said study author Elisabeth Sherid...

Severe inflammation very early in childhood might hamper the development of key brain cells, perhaps setting the stage for conditions such as autism or schizophrenia, new research suggests.

The origins of many neurodevelopment disorders remain mysterious. But the new study of postmortem brain tissue from children who died between the ages 1 and 5 shows how inflammation affects brain cells...

Not all children diagnosed with autism as toddlers continue to have that diagnosis once they reach elementary school, a new study shows.

While some past research has suggested this could be true, the new research backs that up, finding that a large percentage — about 37% — of these toddlers no longer met the criteria for the condition by the age of 6.

“I think what this shows ...

As many as 1 in 4 teens with autism may be undiagnosed, new research suggests.

“Autism is much more prevalent than people assume,” said lead researcher Walter Zahorodny, an associate professor at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark.

The

  • Sarah D. Collins HealthDay Reporter
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  • October 6, 2023
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  • Faced with growing reports of inaccurate clinical lab tests, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Friday announced that it will for the first time regulate these vital diagnostic tools.

    Many Americans might have assumed that the FDA already had oversight of all medical tests; it does not.

    However, FDA Commissioner

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • September 29, 2023
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  • Just 1 in 4 children with autism is diagnosed before age 3, but a new eye-tracking technology may allow for earlier diagnosis and intervention, according to three clinical studies of more than 1,500 kids.

    Autism is a disorder marked by difficulties with communication and social interaction. In the United States, it affects about 1 child in 36, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Con...

    Research using three-dimensional replicas of the developing brain created in a lab dish is shedding new light on autism spectrum disorder.

    Yale researchers found two paths to autism in the developing brain.

    “It's amazing that children with the same symptoms end up with two distinct forms of altered neural networks," co-senior author

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 11, 2023
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  • People with autism are over three times more likely than their peers without the developmental disorder to experience self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, or death by suicide, new research shows.

    “In general, I think there needs to be more support for individuals with autism. And this shows that there are life-threatening consequences in terms of suicide and self-harm,” s...

    In a study of families that have multiple children with autism, researchers have unearthed new insights into genes that might drive the disorder.

    “Study design is critical, and not enough attention has been paid to studying families with more than one affected child,” said lead author Dr. Daniel Geschwind<...

    More kids in the United States are getting a developmental disability diagnosis, with prevalence close to 9% in 2021, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports.

    Among 3- to 17-year-olds, 8.56% have ever been diagnosed with a developmental disability, compared to 7.4% in 2019, according to the agency's National Health Interview Survey.

    The diagnoses are far more com...

    Children with autism have well-known difficulties with social interactions, but a new study is highlighting another area where they can struggle: memory.

    Researchers found that compared with their peers, school-age kids with autism showed more difficulty managing memory tasks. They often had a hard time remembering faces — something seen in past studies — but also in recalling words a...

    Marijuana use during pregnancy may impact the baby's brain development and long-term health, according to new research with monkeys.

    THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) -- the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis -- altered the placental and fetal epigenome in monkeys who were given THC edibles, researchers say. These modifications can cause changes that aff...

    The use of antipsychotic medication in children is continuing to plummet, likely because of better policies and education, new research shows.

    The study found a 43% drop in antipsychotic prescriptions for Medicaid-enrolled children in 45 states, a stark contrast from the sharp rise in the 2000s.

    “The decline we observed likely reflects the convergence of multiple state safer-use p...

    At any age an autism diagnosis is a major event. But is it best to find out while still young or might a late-in-life diagnosis give adults a better shot at a good quality of life?

    According to a new study, there's no one-size-fits-all answer.

    Researchers surveyed 300 a...

    Researchers working to unlock the mysteries of autism report they have discovered differences among children when two in a family have the condition versus just one.

    Scientists from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York have been researching the genetic origins of autism for two decades. Their discoveries have included thousands of genes that, when damaged, may cause a child to be bor...

    While a lot of research has focused on autism in children, much less effort goes toward studying adults with autism.

    Now, two new reports find this group is at substantial risk for age-related physical conditions and injuries, as well as being particularly susceptible to certain mental health issues including loneliness, social isolation and lower quality of life.

    “There is accumu...

    About a third of children with autism aren't able to speak -- but that doesn't mean they're unable to listen and comprehend, a new study reports.

    About 1 in 4 kids and teens who have autism and are minimally verbal understand significantly more language than they're able to produce, said lead researcher

    Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than girls are, but girls may be more likely to experience anxiety alongside the disorder than boys, new research reveals.

    Anxiety tends to travel with autism, which is characterized by problems with social interaction, communication and behavior. About 1 in 36 kids in the United States has autism, according to the U.S. Centers f...

    "Mindfulness" practices may help parents of young children with autism manage their daily stressors, and it could benefit their kids in the process, a preliminary study suggests.

    Parenting is stressful, and studies show that parents of kids with autism often have particularly high stress levels.

    Autism is a developmental brain disorder that, to varying degrees, impairs communication...

    Researchers have long tried to pinpoint a reason that some people have autism or autistic traits.

    A new study from the United Kingdom builds upon evidence about one potential factor, finding that young children with ear, nose and throat problems were more commonly diagnosed with autism later.

    This isn't to sa...

    While mild cases make up the majority of autism diagnoses, "profound" autism affects about 27% of American children with the developmental disability, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday.

    This is the first time the CDC has broken down that definition statistically.

    Children with profound autism are nonverbal, minimally verbal or have an IQ of ...

    A leading doctors' group recommends that toddlers get screening for autism at 18 months old. That may not be a moment too soon — and earlier may be even better, researchers say.

    A new randomized clinical trial, the gold standard for studies, backs up the recommendation from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

    Intervention at 18 months for children on the autism spectrum led to bet...

    About 1 in 6 preschoolers with autism get expelled from their day care program, new research finds.

    On average, such kids are about 3 years old when they get kicked out.

    While their parents may already harbor concerns, many of these kids "do not as yet have a diagnosis or label," said study leader

    There's no single known cause for autism, but researchers now point the finger at higher lithium levels in drinking water.

    Their new study found that pregnant women in Denmark whose household tap water had higher levels of lithium were more likely to have kids with autism, compared to pregnant women living in areas where tap water had lower levels of this element.

    Autism is ch...

    Boys born to women who had COVID-19 during pregnancy may be at risk for developmental delays, a new study suggests.

    Delays in speech and motor function were the most commonly diagnosed conditions in these children at 12 months. They were seen in boys but not in girls, the study authors said.

    "

  • Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter
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  • March 27, 2023
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  • Children with autism are less likely than their peers to receive important vision screening despite a high risk for serious eye disorders, researchers report.

    Only about 36% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) completed vision screenings during their health checkups,

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • March 24, 2023
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  • More American children have autism than previously thought, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports.

    It also finds that the COVID-19 pandemic delayed diagnosis for many, which could have lasting impact.

    Data from 11 communities in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, which tracks the number and characteristics of children with autism and ...

    Some toddlers who don't interact with their parents may have early signs of autism, a new study suggests.

    Researchers showed kids between 12 and 48 months of age "split-screen" moving images, then used eye tracking to evaluate their attention. Some toddlers who paid closer attention to scenes without people rather than to someone saying playful phrases a mother might use were later diagno...

    People who have autism feel pain at a higher intensity than others, which is the opposite of what many believe to be true, new research suggests.

    The prevailing belief is that those with autism are indifferent to pain, possibly because of a tendency for self-harm. However, "this assumption is not necessarily true," said

    Autism services are harder to find in many of the places where Black, Hispanic and Native American families live, new research shows.

    It's known that there are racial disparities in U.S. families' receipt of autism services — ranging from diagnosis and behavioral therapy to school and community programs.

    The

  • Amy Norton HealthDay Reporter
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  • January 30, 2023
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  • Autism cases are surging in the New York-New Jersey metro area, mainly fueled by the diagnosis of autistic children who don't have intellectual disabilities, a new study reports.

    The percentage of kids identified with autism spectrum disorder rose from about 1% in 2000 to 3% in 2016 in that region, said lead researcher

    Children with autism often have difficulty grasping the emotional cues in other people's voices, and now researchers may have zeroed in on the reason why.

    In a study of 43 kids with and without autism, researchers were able to trace such difficulties to a particular brain area -- one involved in social communication.

    Experts said the findings suggest that children with autism are pr...

    When children have autism, it's possible to recognize the symptoms as early as when they are 18 months old.

    Although it takes a doctor to diagnose the condition, parents and caregivers should be aware of the signs, advises the Autism Research Institute, offering some other tips for noticing early symptoms.

    Children with autism may have variety of social, communication and behaviora...

    A common characteristic of autism is a reluctance to make eye contact with others, and researchers now think they know where in the brain this comes from.

    Brain scans show that folks with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had significantly less activity in their dorsal parietal cortex during eye-to-eye contact, compared to people without ASD, researchers report.

    This brain region has b...

    Autism is a more comprehensive disorder than previously thought, and appears to arise from brain changes located throughout the cerebral cortex, not just in specific areas, a new study reports.

    Because of autism's specific symptoms, scientists had thought the disorder was likely caused by changes in brain regions believed to affect social behavior and language.

    But the new study -- ...

    Women who have autism are more vulnerable during pregnancy to depression and anxiety, according to a new British study.

    That makes it imperative that effective mental health screening and support is available to help this group, said lead researcher Sarah Hampton, from the University of Cambridge.

    ...

    For many kids with autism, Rhett, a black Labrador retriever, has been a calming and comforting influence in his seven years as a therapy dog.

    But parents shouldn't assume that a service pooch is the solution for every child on the autism spectrum, a new study...

    Could air pollution land children with autism in the hospital?

    A new study found that short-term exposure to air pollution is linked to a higher risk for hospitalization among kids with the developmental disorder.

    People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often admitted due to such ...

    Research has suggested that kids born to moms who had the flu or another infection during pregnancy may be more likely to have autism, but a new study implies infection may not be the cause after all.

    "We found no evidence to suggest that infections contracted by mothers during pregnancy would cause autism in the child," said study author Martin Brynge. He's a doctoral student in the glob...

    A frequently used screening test for autism creates a gender gap that could hinder diagnosis and treatment for women and girls, a new study suggests.

    Researchers who study autism have been working to include m...

    While half of mothers of children with autism suffer symptoms of depression, a new study has discovered that did not raise the risk of behavioral problems for their kids.

    It was both a surprising and heartenin...

    More than 70 genes are very strongly associated with autism and more than 250 are linked to the condition, a major new genetic analysis has revealed.

    The analysis is the largest of its kind to date, involving more than 150,000 participants, including 20,000 diagnosed with autism.

    The researchers found t...

    Dr. Shaun Murphy, the lead character in "The Good Doctor," is a brilliant medical mind who also happens to have autism.

    He's not the only television character you may know and love who navigates the challenges of ...

    Adults with autism have high rates of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and shots, a new study shows.

    That's good news, because autistic adults have multiple risk factors for COVID-19 infection and for more severe illness if they contract the disease, the researchers said.

    "Reaching this group effectively in public health messaging about vaccination is critical," said study co-author Kait...

    For some children with autism, there's a connection between gastrointestinal problems and stress, anxiety and social withdrawal, a new study suggests.

    The findings could help efforts to develop personalized treatments for autism patients with gastrointestinal problems such as stomach pain and constipation, the University of Missouri researchers suggested.

    Such problems tend to occur...

    Bella Kofner, a 24-year-old graduate student in special education at the College of Staten Island in New York, was 10 when her parents first told her she had autism. Developmental psychologist Steven Kapp, now 35, was 13 when he was told the same.

    So, is there a best time to tell children they have the developmental disorder? New research suggests that younger is better.

    Kofner, Kap...

    Researchers report that overgrowth of a part of the brain that's associated with autism occurs during infancy, a finding that may make it possible to diagnose the disorder at an earlier age.

    The amygdala is a small structure in the brain that's crucial in interpreting social and emotional cl...

    Researchers have discovered differences between the brains of girls and boys with autism that they say may improve diagnosis of the developmental disorder in girls.

    "We detected significant differences between the brains of boys a...

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